The Anarchist Current

The metaphor of anarchism as a current of theory and practice ever changing and flowing like a river, with different sources, tributaries, eddies and currents, has been used by a variety of writers, such as George Woodcock and Peter Marshall. I think it’s an apt metaphor, and that’s one reason I’ve chosen it as the subtitle for Volume Three of Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas. It’s also a play on words meant to indicate that this Volume will be documenting current or contemporary trends in anarchist thought. Here is a tentative table of contents:





1. Murray Bookchin: Beyond Neo-Marxism (1978)

2. John P. Clark: The Politics of Liberation (1980)

3. Hakim Bey: Temporary Autonomous Zones (1985)

4. Jorge Silva: Libertarian Self-Management (1996)

5. The Gauchist Anarchist Federation: Towards a Libertarian Politics (2000)

6. Alfredo Errandonea: Anarchism in the 21st Century (2001)

7. Felipe Corrêa: From Party Politics to Libertarian Socialism (2005)

8. David Graeber: The New Anarchists (2002)


9. David Graeber: Consensus Democracy (2004)

10. Carole Pateman: The Problem of Minorities (1979)

11. Eduardo Colombo: On Voting

12. Luce Fabbri: On Democracy (1983)

13. Amedeo Bertolo: Libertarian Democracy (1999)


14. Murray Bookchin: From Direct Action to Direct Democracy (1979-82)

15. Alfredo Bonanno: From Riot to Insurrection (1985)

16. Andrea Papi: Violence and Anti-Violence (2004)

17. Benjamin Franks: The Direct Action Ethic (2003)


18. Harold Barclay: Anarchy and State Formation (2003)

19. Alan Ritter: Anarchy, Law and Freedom (1980)

20. Eduardo Columbo: The State as Paradigm of Power (1984)

21. Alan Carter: The Logic of State Power (2000)

22. Jeff Ferrell: Against the Law: Anarchist Criminology (1998)

23. Crosso and Odoteo: Barbarians at the Gate (2002)

24. Howard J. Ehrlich: Anarchists and the Anti-War Movement (2002)

25. Bikisha Media Collective: Anti-Imperialism (2000)

26. Uri Gordon: Israel, Palestine and Anarchist Dilemmas (2007)


27. Campaign Against the Model West Germany: The Nuclear State (1979)

28. David Watson: Nuclear Power (1979)

29. C. George Benello: Putting the Reins on Technology (1982)

30. Brian Tokar: Biotechnology (2003)


31. Murray Bookchin: Toward an Ecological Society (1974)

32. Noam Chomsky: Human Nature and Human Freedom (1975)

33. David Watson: How Deep is Deep Ecology (1987)

34. Graham Purchase: Anarchism and Bioregionalism (1997)

35. Chaia Heller: Ecology and Desire (1999)

36. Peter Marshall: Liberation Ecology (2007)


37. Rossella Di Leo: On the Origins of Male Domination (1983)

38. Nicole Laurin-Frenette: The State Family/ The Family State (1982)

39. Kytha Kurin: Anarcha-Feminism: Why the Hyphen? (1980)

40. Ariane Gransac: Women’s Liberation (1984)

41. Carole Pateman: The Sexual Contract (1988)

42. Julieta Paredes: Creative Women (2001)


43. Alan Mandell: Anti-Psychiatry and the Search for Autonomy (1979)

44. Ashanti Alston: Black Anarchism (2003)

45. Pedro Ribeiro: Senzala or Quilombo – Relections on Black Anarchism (2005)

46. Heather Ajani and Ernesto Aguilar: White Race Traitors (2004)

47. Jamie Heckert: Erotic Anarchy (2006)


48. Michael Scrivener: Anarchy and Literature (1979)

49. CRASS: Constructing Our Own Reality (1984)

50. Esther Ferrer: Letter to John Cage (1991)

51. Richard Sonn: Culture and Anarchy (1994)

52. Max Blechman: Toward an Anarchist Aesthetic (1994)

53. Edward S. Herman: The Propaganda Model – A Retrospective (2003)


54. Brian Martin: Capitalism and Violence (2001)

55. Normand Baillargeon: Free Market Libertarianism (2001)

56. Peter Marshall: Anarchism and Capitalism (1993)

57. Interprofessional Workers’ Union: Russian Capitalism (1999)

58. Killing King Abacus: State Capitalism in China (2001)


59. Luis Andrés Edo: Redefining Syndicalism (1984)

60. The CNT-AIT: A Different Approach to Trade Unionism (2000)

61. The CGT: A New Kind of Syndicalism

62. Madrid Declaration: For a New Libertarianism (2001)

63. Luc Bonet: Beyond the Revolutionary Model (2005)

64. Cyrille Gallion: For a Revolution in Anarcho-Syndicalism (2005)

65. Graham Purchase: Green Anarcho-Syndicalism (1995)


66. Luciano Lanza: Utopian Economics (1981)

67. Murray Bookchin: Municipal Control (1986)

68. Kevin Carson: Mutualism Reconsidered

69. Adam Buick and John Crump: The Alternative to Capitalism (1986)


70. Sharif Gemie: Beyond the Borders (2003)

71. An African Anarchist Manifesto (1981)

72. Sam Mbah and I.E. Igariwey: African Anarchism (1997)

73. John P. Clark: The Tao of Anarchy (1983)

74. Kan San: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1976)

75. Ba Jin: Against the Opinions of the Powers that Be (1984)

76. Mok Chiu Yu: An Anarchist in Hong Kong (2001)

77. Mihara Yoko: Anarchism in Japan (1993)

78. May 5th Group: Fundamentalism, Nationalism and Militarism in Turkey (1998)

79. Kurdistan Anarchist Concept (1999)

80. The Cuban Libertarian Syndicalist Association: Anarchism and the Cuban Revolution (1960/2003)

81. Frank Fernández: Cuba and Liberty (2001)

82. Ruben G. Prieto: Anarchism in Uruguay (2001)

83. Marina Sitrin: Horizontalidad in Argentina (2003)

84. Chiapas Revealed: What is Different About the Zapatistas (2001)

85. CIPO-RFM: Enemies of Injustice

86. Colectivo Alas de Xue: Strengthening the Anarcho-Indian Alliance (1997)

87. Bas Umali: Archipelagic Confederation – an Anarchist Alternative for the Philippines (2006)

88. Autonomous Action in Russia (2004)

89. Harsha Walia: No One is Illegal (2006)


90. Todd May: Post-Structuralism and Anarchism (1989)

91. Saul Newman: The Politics of Post-Anarchism (2003)

92. Jesse Cohn: Anarchism and Essentialism (2003)

93. John Zerzan: An Abolitionist Perspective (2003)

94. John Moore: Anarchist Maximalism (1998)

95. Jesús Sepúlveda: The Garden of Peculiarities (2002)

96. Jason McQuinn: Post-Left Anarchy (2003)

97. Davide Turcato: Anarchy and Rationality (2007)

98. Daniel Colson: Belief and Modernity (2005)

99. Richard Day: Groundless Solidarity and Infinite Responsibility (2005)


Robert Graham: The Anarchist Current: Continuity and Change in Anarchist Thought



The URI to TrackBack this entry is:

RSS feed for comments on this post.

8 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. Hi Robert. I’m glad to see you have used an old Bikisha piece (as the Collective of which I was a part went on to form today’s ZACF), but am even more delighted by your valuable rescue from obscurity of so many great texts, especially those from Africa, Latin America and Asia which require a broader audience in the Anglophone world. We are reaching the end of more than eight years of work on our own two-volume work on the theory and history of the anarchist movement, Counter-Power, which should be released by AK Press this year and have liberally dipped into your first volume to add theoretical depth and colour to our second (historical) volume. I’m really keen to get my hands on your second and third volumes, especially as documenting the postwar movement is difficult to say the least, in terms of connecting the dots on both organisational and ideological lineage. Fortunately we have made use of the newly-opened Russian archives as well as interviews with anarchist veterans from countries such as Cuba, Bulgaria, Uruguay and Iraq. Please drop me a line. I’d like to discuss this further.

    red & black regards
    Michael Schmidt (international secretary, Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front, South Africa)

  2. I’ve asked Michael to send me the tables of contents for the Counter-Power anthology so I can post them on this blog. Looks like a very useful anthology.

    Robert Graham

  3. “5. Normand Baillargeon: Free Market Libertarianism”

    I have to ask, what this is about? Is it a critique of right-wing “libertarianism”? I assume it is, as it is under “anti-capitalism” — if it is not, then I would aks what does right-wing “libertarianism” have to do with anarchism?

  4. To Anarcho:

    The Normand Baillargeon selection is a critique of “free market” or rightwing libertarianism. The selection by Peter Marshall on anarcho-capitalism deals with the issue as to whether or not anti-state libertarian capitalists can properly be described as anarchists.

    Robert Graham

  5. Thanks for replying. I’m glad to read that it is a critique, as I’m totally sick of “anarcho”-capitalists being included in accounts of anarchism! I guessed that it was unlikely you would do that, but I thought it would be wise to double-check.

    I’m looking forward to the new volumes, btw — number one was excellent. Keep up the good work.

  6. Here are the proposed Tables of Contents for Michael Schmidt and Lucien Van Der Walt’s Counter-Power anthology forthcoming from AK Press:


    Preface: Stuart Christie


    Part 1: Introduction

    Chapter 1: Beyond Capitalism: Introducing Anarchism
    (two traditions of socialism; this book)

    Part 2: Theory and Analysis

    Chapter 2: Socialism From Below: Defining Anarchism
    (three flawed approaches to understanding anarchism; Mikhail Bakunin and Piotr Kropotkin; the birth of anarchism in the 1860s; anarchism as libertarian socialism; against hierarchy; against capitalism and imperialism; against the state; the rejection of “state socialism”; elements of the social revolution; anarchism redefined and reclassified)

    Chapter 3: Proudhon, Marxist Economics and Anarchism
    (Pierre-Joseph Proudhon’s legacy; Karl Marx’s impact on the anarchists; Marxist economics and “anarchist communism”)

    Chapter 4: History, Society and Class Analysis: Anarchism versus Marxism
    (Marxists, the peasantry and “progressive states”; the anarchist response; was Marxism a “proletarian science”?; determinism and social change; the class character of 20th Century Marxist regimes; class culture and class consciousness; towards an anarchist social analysis)

    Part 3: Tactics and Strategy

    Chapter 5: Roads To Revolution: Insurrectionist versus Mass Anarchism
    (the insurrectionist tradition; syndicalism: trade unions and anarchist revolution; direct action versus “political action”; the French CGT and the Charter of Amiens; revolutionary syndicalism and anarcho-syndicalism)

    Chapter 6: Anarchism, Revolutionary Syndicalism, the IWW and Labour
    (Georges Sorel, anarchism and the trade unions; two waves: anarcho-syndicalism and revolutionary syndicalism before the CGT; the “glorious period” and the myth of pre-war syndicalism; the IWW and revolutionary syndicalism: Daniel De Leon, James Connolly and “IWW Marxism”; syndicalism and the “broad anarchist tradition”)

    Chapter 7: The Debates on the Trade Union Question
    (Errico Malatesta and the rejection of crude syndicalism; crude syndicalism, daily union work and the need for ideology; reforms, union officials and social revolution; syndicalism and the state: three common misunderstandings; syndicalists and the defence of the revolution)

    Chapter 8: The Militant Minority: the Question of Anarchist Political Organisation
    (insurrectionist anarchists and “anti-organisationists”; mass anarchism: the union as the party; trade unions and “boring-from-within”; boring-from-within, dual unionism and rank-and-file movements; mass anarchism: Bakunin, the Alliance and anarchist political organisation; the question of leadership)

    Chapter 9: Controversy and Legacy: The Organisational Platform Of The Anarchist Communists
    (enter Nestor Makhno and Piotr Arshinov; the Organisational Platform of the Anarchist Communists; the debate on the Platform; the Platform: innovation or restatement of anarchist positions?; the Platform versus the “synthestist” position; from “creeping Bolshevism” to individualism: behind the Platform debate; the ghost of Max Stirner; “Platformism” after the Platform)

    Part 4: Historical Themes

    Chapter 10: Lost History: The Features of Anarchist and Syndicalist Mass Movements
    (anarchism as mass movement; the myth of Spanish exceptionalism; anarchism as radical labour movement; anarchism, farm workers and peasant movements; the features of anarchist peasant movements; a false division: anarchist communism versus anarcho-syndicalism)

    Chapter 11: Beyond Workerism and Economism: the Broad Anarchist Tradition and Social Transformation
    (the state and politics; beyond the workplace; self-emancipation and the politics of everyday life; the anti-militarist tradition; revolutionary general strikes and peasant risings; the rise and fall and rise of anarchism)

    Chapter 12: Anarchist Internationalism and the Divisions of Gender and Race
    (identity politics and the “woman question”; women’s emancipation and class struggle; ideas, attitudes and social change; “reconstruction of the family”; other key anarchist women militants; race, empire and social Darwinism; overcoming labour segmentation)

    Chapter 13: Anarchist Internationalism and the Question of Imperialism
    (war, national liberation and cultural diversity; the re-invention of tradition; imperialism, “transitional stages” and Maoism: central planning and “developmentalism; anarchists and syndicalists in anti-imperialist struggles; conclusion: the coherence of anarchist ideology)



    Preface: Stuart Christie



    Part 5: Early Years

    Chapter 14: Bakunin and the Birth of Anarchism in the First International
    (the anarchists’ imagined pre-history from Lao Tzu to Joseph Dejacque; the modern world and the capitalist revolution; the socialist idea and the working class; the First International; enter Mikhail Bakunin; the Alliance and the anarchist movement; the beginning of the split)

    Chapter 15: The First Sparks: Anarchists and the European Revolts of 1870-1874
    (anarchists and urban revolts; from Lyons to the Paris Commune of 1871; to Bologna via Barcelona: the Cantonalist Revolt of 1873; Friedrich Engels and the Cantonalist Revolt; the schism with the Marxists)

    Chapter 16: The Split in the First International and the Black International, 1872-1877
    (after the Basel Conference; the Hague Conference of 1872; the Sergei Nechayev affair; the forces of the Marxists; the forces of the Alliance; anarchist victory: Saint-Imier and beyond; Piotr Kropotkin and the growth of the anarchist International; north versus south?; unions, peasants and the future)

    Chapter 17: From Syndicalism to Insurrectionism and Back Again, 1881-1895
    (the International after 1872; the general strike and anarchist-communism; votes, purism and the end of the anarchist International; the “Black International” and the era of the assassins; against the current: Spain, Cuba and the United States; Haymarket: the anarchist origins of May Day; back to syndicalism; later anarchist internationals)

    Part 6: Glory and Tragedy

    Chapter 18: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: Northern Europe and North America
    (Britain and Ireland: the IWB, IGTWU, James Connolly, Tom Mann and the refuge of Freedom; France and Belgium: the CGT, CSB, FCRA/UA, GCL, Jean Grave, Fernand Pelloutier, Ernest Tanrez and the syndicalist laboratory; Germany and Switzerland: the Jura Federation, AKP, AFD, LAB, Gustav Landauer, Fritz Kater, André Boesinger and the anti-militarist, anti-Nazi struggles of the FVDG/FAUD, MTWIU and the AAUE; the Netherlands: the LVC/LFVC, NSV, “Domela” Nieuwenhuis, Christiaan Cornelissen, Harm Kolthek and the forgotten syndicalist template of the NAS; Sweden, Norway and Denmark: the SAC, NSF, DFS, Martin Tranmǽl and stable syndicalism; the United States and Canada: the IWPA/CLU, IWW, FACNAC, Daniel de Leon, “Big Bill” Haywood, industrial unionism and desegregation)

    Chapter 19: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: Southern, Central and Eastern Europe
    (Italy: Errico Malatesta, Armando Borghi, the UAI, the factory occupations and the Fascist menace; Spain and Portugal: Anselmo Lorenzo, the FTRE, and the fiery roses of the CNT-FAI and CGT; pre-revolutionary Russia, the Ukraine and Georgia: the NWU, Cherny Peredyel, Afanasy Matiushenko and Varlaam Cherkezov among the narodniks and terrorists; Bulgaria and Romania: the LCB, FAKB, BONSF, FAY, Mikhail Guerdzhikov, Gueorgui Cheitanov, and platformism armed; Greece: the Democratic Popular League of Patras, “Kostas” Speras, the SEMS and the lessons of direct democracy; Poland and the Baltics: the ZZZ, FAGPL and the shadow of Russia; Czechoslovakia: the FÈAK, ZJH-O, Bohuslav Vrbenský and the seductions of nationalism; Hungary and Austria: the URW, URS, Sandor Czismadia, Ervin Szabó and Leo Rothziegel in the heart of the empire; Yugoslavia and the Balkans: Miloš Krpan, Krsto Cicvarić, Paul Zorkine and the direktaši workers’ faction)

    Chapter 20: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: Brazil and the Southern Cone of South America
    (Argentina: Pedro Gori, John Creaghe, Juana Rouco Buela, Severino di Giovanni and the southern citadel of the FORA, CORA and FACA; Chile: José Domingo Gomes Rojas, Juan Gandulfo, the revolts of the FORCh, IWW, CGT and FACH against white bourgeois terrorism; Uruguay and Paraguay: the FFREU, FORU, FORPa, FAU and the challenge of welfare reforms; Brazil: Neno Vasca, Domingos Passos, Maria Lacerda de Moura and the FORB/COB and FORGS; national elites, “developmentalism” and anti-imperialism)

    Chapter 21: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: the Andes, Central America, and the Caribbean
    (Bolivia and Peru: the FOL, FORPe and the indigenous question; Colombia and Equador: bitter battles at high altitude; Venezuela and Surinam: the UOV and SAF in the margins of Bolivarismo and colonialism; Mexico: the COM-Lucha, the Flores Magón brothers, Antonio Gomes y Soto and the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1922; Nicaragua and Central America: Augusto Sandino, the CAS, FOH and the “banana republics”; Puerto Rico: the FLT, Louisa Capetilla and the question of who gets to wear the pants; Cuba: Enrique Roig San Martin, the FTC, FGAC, and the CNOC against imperialism, bigotry and the dictatorial elite)

    Chapter 22: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: East Asia, South-East Asia, and Oceania
    (Japan and Taiwan: Ōsugi Sakae, Kanno Sugako, Hatta Shūzō the Zenkoku Jiren and the struggle against gender oppression and Japanese imperialism; China: Liu Shifu, the Wuzhenfu Gongchan and multinational resistance; Korea and Manchuria: Shin Chae-ho, the KAF, KACF, KPAM and the Manchurian Revolution of 1929-1931; Vietnam: Phan Boi Chau, the Phuc Viet and the question of class consciousness; the Philippines, Malaysia and their environs: Isabelo de los Reyes, the UOD and the universal appeal of anarcho-syndicalism)

    Chapter 23: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: the Middle East, South Asia, Africa, and the Antipodes
    (Anatolia and the Middle East: Alexandre Atabekian, Daud Muja‘is and radicalism in the empire; Palestine: Joseph Trumpeldor and left-Zionism; Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia and North Africa: India and South Asia: Lala Har Dayal, the Ghadar Party and violent anti-imperialism; South Africa, Mozambique and Southern Africa: Andrew Dunbar, “Bill” Thibedi, Johnny Gomas, the IWAf, the ICU and the critique of White Labourism and craft unionism; Australia and New Zealand: Tom Glynn, the Red Feds, Wobblies, Maoris and labour solidarity)

    Chapter 24: Eight Years That Shook The World: Anarchists, the Russian and Ukrainian Revolutions and the Global Revolt of 1916-1923
    (from the “Second International” to social democracy; anarchism and the eight years that shook the world; the Russian anarchists and the February Revolution of 1917; the PACF, Iosif Bleikhman and the July Days; anarchists in the October Revolution of 1917; anarchists and the Bolshevik state; civil war, Bolshevik power and the Kronstadt Uprising; anarchists and the origins of the “Stalinist” regime; Nestor Makhno and anarchist revolution in the Ukraine; a Siberian Makhnovschina?; red pogrom in the Ukraine and Siberia; the historical role and class character of the Bolshevik regime)

    Chapter 25: A Blazing Star at Midnight: Anarchism, Dictatorship and the Spanish Revolution of 1936-1939
    (anarchism and the rise of Bolshevism; the Comintern, Profintern and the IWA; Bolshevism and the fate of the Left; repression, fascism and anarchist decline; between “brown” and “red”; the conditions for survival, and the Spanish phoenix; anarchism and fascism in Spain; fascism or revolution; revolution in agriculture and industry; revolution and war on fascism; crisis in the anarchist ranks; counter-revolution and the anarchist split; “crushing fascism once and for all”; water and oil: anarchists and government)

    Part 7: Survival and Revival

    Chapter 26: The Second World War and After: Anarchist Partisans, Syndicalist Unions and Imperialism, 1940s-1950s
    (the course of the Second World War; anarchism, anti-fascism and partisans; syndicalism after the war: Western Europe and Latin America; communists, anarchist partisans and the Red Army; from “de-Nazification” to the Cold War; anarchism and post-war decolonisation; anarchism, the French empire and decolonisation in Asia; the rise of the nation-state)

    Chapter 27: In the Shadow of the Cold War: Eclipse and Rebirth 1950s-1970s
    (the broad anarchist tradition in the era of “three worlds”; anarchism, the welfare state and the great boom; anarchism and the West’s dictatorships; anarchism and cracks in the East Bloc; Maoism, the Cuban Revolution, the Uruguayan FAU and anarchism; the New Left, “counter-culture” and the revolts of 1968-1969; Cuba, Octavio Alberola, Abraham Guillen, anarchist guerrilla forces and the limits of armed action)

    Chapter 28: Neo-liberalism, Fascist/Soviet Collapse and Anarchist Reconstruction 1970s-2000s
    (the collapse of Iberian fascism and the resurgence of anarchism; Northern anarchist alternatives to authoritarian “autonomism”; Turkey, the Middle East and the Iranian Revolution of 1978-1979; Japan, South Korea and white reaction in the Far East; Zapatismo, Magonismo and resistance in the Andes; self-management in the Southern Cone; African anarchism versus capitalist “liberation movements”; the end of the Soviet empire and the betrayals of state “communism”; the IWA and the independent revolutionary syndicalist unions; social insertion of the broad anarchist movement in the new millennium)

    Part 8: Reflections and Challenges

    Chapter 29: Counter-power: the Broad Anarchist Tradition in the new Millennium
    (understanding anarchism; analysis and politics; rethinking history; who were and are the anarchists? revival in the neo-liberal era; learning from the past; the need for conscious activists; the need for political organisations; relating to the popular classes; conclusion: building counter-power)


  7. Somehow i missed the point. Probably lost in translation :) Anyway … nice blog to visit.

    cheers, Meticulously!

  8. I am amazed by the work put into these works! Looking forward to reading.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: